Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Open Access Publishing

Open Access Publishing: What it is and how to sustain it...Marcus Banks

In the past 13 years, open access publishing—in which academic journal content is free for anyone to read online—has moved from a fringe populist movement into the mainstream. Immediate open access could someday become the default publishing model for articles in the biosciences, and perhaps for the humanities and social sciences as well. No one knows for certain if this will happen, much less how or when, but the subscription-based scholarly publishing system that matured prior to the internet appears unlikely to sustain itself indefinitely.

Milestones in open access history
The Budapest Open Access Initiative calls for “free and unrestricted online availability,” aka open access.

The Public Library of Science (now PLOS) begins to publish PLOS Biology as a new and prominent open access journal.

The Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing defines an open access article as freely available and secured for posterity in a reliable digital repository.

The US Congress approves a policy that requires all papers resulting from funding by the National Institutes of Health be made available through PubMed Central (open access) no later than 12 months after publication.

The ­Scholarly Publishing Roundtable in the US releases a report on how to improve access while respecting interests of publishers, librarians, and researchers.

In the UK, the Finch Report lays out a strategy to ensure immediate open access to research funded by the government.

The US Office of Science and Technology Policy issues a directive that all federal agencies must ensure that the research they fund will be open access.

K|N Consultants launch the Open Access Network, a strategy for cost-sharing and sustainable open access in the social sciences and humanities.

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