Monday, August 18, 2014

Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development

Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development

The Lyon Declaration of August 2014 was written in English. The wording of the English version shall prevail.

The United Nations is negotiating a new development agenda to succeed the Millennium Development Goals. The agenda will guide all countries on approaches to improving people’s lives, and outline a new set of goals to be reached during the period 2016-2030.

We, the undersigned, believe that increasing access to information and knowledge across society, assisted by the availability of information and communications technologies (ICTs), supports sustainable development and improves people’s lives.

We therefore call upon the Member States of the United Nations to make an international commitment to use the post-2015 development agenda to ensure that everyone has access to, and is able to understand, use and share the information that is necessary to promote sustainable development and democratic societies.

Journal Article: “The Rise of Patron-Driven Acquisitions: A Literature Review”

This literature review examines the growing trend of patron-driven acquisitions in libraries. The article discusses different types of patron-driven acquisitions, as well as advantages, challenges, and best practices for adopting this purchasing method. The dearth of literature on public libraries using this method is noted, suggesting future opportunities for research....

New Journal Article: “Process as Product: Scholarly Communication Experiments in the Digital Humanities”

New Journal Article:  “Process as Product: Scholarly Communication Experiments in the Digital Humanities”

Scholarly communication outreach and education activities are proliferating in academic libraries. Simultaneously, digital humanists—a group that includes librarians and non-librarians based in libraries, as well as scholars and practitioners without library affiliation—have developed forms of scholarship that demand and introduce complementary innovations focused on infrastructure, modes of dissemination and evaluation, openness, and other areas with implications for scholarly communication. Digital humanities experiments in post-publication filtering, open peer review, middle-state publishing, decentering authority, and multimodal and nonlinear publication platforms are discussed in the context of broader library scholarly communication efforts..

Conference Paper: “Missing Links: The Digital News Preservation

That the spread of printed news has changed dramatically since the Internet and the Web is no news to anyone. The Christian Science Monitor, in print since 1908, ceased daily publication in 2009 to focus on web-based publishing (CSM still publishes a weekly print edition). One month before this, The Seattle Post Intelligencer stopped its print edition. More recently, Lloyd’s List, which claims to be the world’s oldest newspaper, announced that it would stop its print edition. These are but a few examples of news publishers that no longer print the news on paper.

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

The Library of Congress Recommends Preservation Formats

The Library of Congress Recommends Preservation Roy Tennant

The Library of Congress has now made specific recommendations on the best file formats for preserving access to content of various types:

  • Textual works and musical compositions
  • Still images
  • Audio
  • Moving images
  • Software, electronic games, and learning modules
  • Datasets and databases

They take pains to explain that these recommendations are not meant to replace their pre-existing “Best Edition” of Published Copyright Works document, AKA “Best Edition Statement”, but rather builds upon and complements that work.

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

A Government School Teacher Who Is Creating A Library In Every Home

A Government School Teacher Who Is Creating A Library In Every Home

A government school teacher who went an extra mile to provide a mobile library to students who could not afford it. From a well-maintained reading corner to monthly circulation of books, Priti Gandhi makes sure that every child who loves to read gets a book in his or her hand. Read her inspiring story and how she did it.

Priti Gandhi, teacher

What To Expect From Libraries in the 21st Century: Pam Sandlian Smith at TEDxMileHigh

What To Expect From Libraries in the 21st Century: Pam Sandlian Smith at TEDxMileHigh...

This video was filmed at an independently organized TEDx event and uploaded by the organizer.;search%3Atag%3A%22TEDxMileHigh%22#.U9-96gNph_g.twitter

The Open Repositories 2014 conference presentations

The Open Repositories 2014 conference took place in June in Helsinki. The presentation slides from most of the Open Repositories 2014 sessions are now permanently available in a repository.

Friday, August 1, 2014

Most Beautiful Libraries in the World

Most Beautiful Libraries in the World....Evan Robinson

How a New Dutch Library Smashed Attendance Records

How a New Dutch Library Smashed Attendance Records....Cat Johnson

Facing declining visitors and uncertainty about what to do about it, library administrators in the new town of Almere in the Netherlands did something extraordinary. They redesigned their libraries based on the changing needs and desires of library users and, in 2010, opened the Nieuwe Bibliotheek (New Library), a thriving community hub that looks more like a bookstore than a library.

Guided by patron surveys, administrators tossed out traditional methods of library organization, turning to retail design and merchandising for inspiration. They now group books by areas of interest, combining fiction and nonfiction; they display books face-out to catch the eye of browsers; and they train staff members in marketing and customer service techniques.

With out-facing books, the New Library looks more like a bookstore than a library

The library features a bustling cafe

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Download Free Ebooks, Legally » 11 Sites With Free Public Domain Ebooks Covering Over Millions

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    Friday, July 18, 2014

    Public libraries and technology: From “houses of knowledge” to “houses of access”

    Public libraries and technology: From “houses of knowledge” to “houses of access”By Kathryn Zickuhr 

    One major finding in our research into Americans’ use of public libraries is the extent to which libraries are synonymous not only with knowledge and information, but with the tools needed to acquire it in the digital age. Some 77% of Americans now think it is “very important” for public libraries to provide free access to computers and the internet to the community, and 95% think it is important overall.

    Tuesday, July 15, 2014

    Top Tips for Interns

    Top Tips for Interns
    By Penny Loretto

    1. Meet and Greet with Everyone You Meet
    2. Do Your Research
    3.Set Personal Goals and Keep Yourself Busy
    4. Read Professional Trade Journals & Magazines
    5. Be Prepared to do Some Grunt Work
    6. Ask Questions
    7. Find a Mentor
    8. Be Professional
    9. Develop Professional Relationships
    10. Be Enthusiastic!

    Monday, July 14, 2014

    National Library of Nigeria Board Members

    Jonathan Approves National Library of Nigeria Board

    President Goodluck Jonathan has approved the composition and appointment of the chairmen and members of the governing board of National Library of Nigeria

    •  Alhaji Abdullahi Haruna Ningi               -           Chairman
    • Inye Marshall Harry Jnr.                        -                Member
    •  Mr. Kalabari Odimiri                            -                Member
    •  Madaki Hussaini Abdullahi                   -                 Member
    • Obafemi Oye                                       -                  Member
    •  Salisu Suleiman                                   -                  Member
    • Hon. Tijjani Kumalia                            -                  Member
    • Usman Idris Mawogi                           -                   Member
    •  Hon. (Mrs.) Atinuke Akinwale            -                  Member
    • Chief Innocent Anoliefo                        -                  Member
    • Dr. (Mrs.) Felicia Etim                         -                  Member
    • Mr. Obi Michael                                  -                  Member 

    Wednesday, July 9, 2014

    Internet Searching Tools

    Internet Searching Tools


    • Google Advanced Search
    • Yahoo! 
    • Bing
    • Ask Advanced Search
    • Exalead
    • Duck Duck Go
    • Gigablast Advanced Search
    • Lycos Advanced Search
    • Blekko
    • SearchTeam


    • Ixquick Metasearch
    • Dogpile
    • Mamma
    • Yippy
    • Findelio
    • Zoo
    • Beaucoup
    • Monster Crawler 
    • MetaEUREKA


    • AcademicInfo
    • Intute 
    • Virtual Reference Shelf
    • Internet Public Library 2
    • Digital Librarian
    • Best of the Web
    • Open Directory Project 
    • World Wide Web Virtual Library

    Thursday, July 3, 2014

    New Report: OCLC Researchers Reorder and Reinterpret Ranganathan’s Five Laws of Library Science For Today’s World

    New Report: OCLC Researchers Reorder and Reinterpret Ranganathan’s Five Laws of Library Science For Today’s World

    Highlights from the Report

    • Today’s library users challenge librarians to move from the simple declaration of “save the time of the reader”; meeting today’s users’ needs requires embedding library systems and services into their existing workflows
    • Our modern-day rephrasing of “every person his or her book” is know your community and its needs
    • The core meaning of “books are for use” is still about access; however, our interpretation focuses on developing the physical and technical infrastructure needed to deliver materials
    • Our interpretation of “every book its reader” focuses on increasing the discoverability, access and use of resources within users’ existing workflows
    • We agree that “a library is a growing organism” and propose growing users’ share of attention

    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    ALSC recommends more Great Websites for Kids

    ALSC recommends more Great Websites for Kids

    The Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association, has added more sites to Great Websites for Kids, its online resource containing hundreds of links to exceptional websites for children.

    The newly added sites are:

    • Creative Kids Central -
    • Frontiers for Young Minds - 
    • Harry Potter Alliance -
    • Latinos in Kid Lit - 
    • Ocean Portal - 
    • Optics for Kids - 
    • Paka Paka -
    • Periodic Table of Elements -
    • Planet D - 
    • Plaza Sésamo - 
    • Quarked! Adventures in the Subatomic Universe! -
    • Semillitas de aprendizaje -

    Five Tips to Starting Your Own Online Book Club

    Five Tips to Starting Your Own Online Book Club

    1. Do your research. Sacramento (Calif.) Public Library’s Amy Calhoun advises those who want to start an online book club to research what other library groups and popular non-library groups are already doing online and implement the features that generate the most interaction.

    “Offering an online option allows us to cater to people who prefer the convenience of participating from home without a set schedule or who simply feel more comfortable interacting online than face to face,” she says.

    2. Add an online component to an existing book club. Consider existing structures, groups, and opportunities in which you might add an online component, suggests Lauren Lampasone, a digital producer for New York Public Library.

    “If you have a solid community on Facebook that is interested, use that rather than Google+ (or vice versa),” she says. “If you have patrons who complain about not being able to attend your usual discussions, ask what kind of online platform would work for them.”

    3. Keep it fresh. “Posting takes only a few minutes but needs to happen often,” says Jennifer Fay, library manager at Salt Lake County (Utah) Library Services’ Kearns branch. “Get as many staff members on board as possible to keep it fresh.”

    “When students post a comment, I respond to them, and I invite further discussion,” says Melanie Gibson of Bishop Dunne Catholic School in Dallas. “In my posts, I try to include something to grab their interest or provoke a comment.”

    4. Decide how to handle unsavory and unrelated comments. Fay suggests posting rules, such as: “Everyone is welcome to post anything, but we reserve the right to delete,” and “Any posts marketing to our members will be deleted.”

    “While I rarely need to delete posts, it’s important for someone to read all the comments on a regular—preferably daily—basis, just in case,” Fay says. “We haven’t had anyone post vulgarity or attack people, but we occasionally get spammed by authors and others trying to sell something.”

    5. Understand readers’ advisory—or pretend to. “A live format is both a joy and a challenge,” says Cuyahoga County (Ohio) Public Library’s Pam DeFino. “When someone mentions a genre I’m not familiar with—paranormal romance, for instance—I’ll look up the topic so I can add to or continue the conversation, which is the moderator’s job. I spend a lot of time flipping back and forth between sites. The discussion can go in all directions. It’s a joy when the conversation is really hopping. It helps to read fast and have a good understanding of readers’ advisory—or be comfortable enough with faking it.”

    Declaration for the Right to Libraries

    Declaration for the Right to Libraries

    Library Bill of Rights

    Library Bill of Rights

    The American Library Association affirms that all libraries are forums for information and ideas, and that the following basic policies should guide their services.

    I. Books and other library resources should be provided for the interest, information, and enlightenment of all people of the community the library serves. Materials should not be excluded because of the origin, background, or views of those contributing to their creation.

    II. Libraries should provide materials and information presenting all points of view on current and historical issues. Materials should not be proscribed or removed because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval.

    III. Libraries should challenge censorship in the fulfillment of their responsibility to provide information and enlightenment.

    IV. Libraries should cooperate with all persons and groups concerned with resisting abridgment of free expression and free access to ideas.

    V. A person’s right to use a library should not be denied or abridged because of origin, age, background, or views.

    VI. Libraries that make exhibit spaces and meeting rooms available to the public they serve should make such facilities available on an equitable basis, regardless of the beliefs or affiliations of individuals or groups requesting their use.

    Wednesday, June 18, 2014

    UpClose: Designing 21st-Century Libraries | Library by Design

    UpClose: Designing 21st-Century Libraries | Library by Design
    By Peter Gisolfi

    Public libraries are busier and more popular with patrons than ever. Today’s library is a place for social interaction as well as quiet reading. It is a community cultural center, not simply a repository for books. It is a welcoming building with a design focus on transparency, not a series of isolated spaces.


    It is often difficult to recognize changing trends while they are still in flux. That said, consider the typical characteristics of today’s 21st-century library. While the library remains an inspiring public building with an important civic presence, many other aspects are different:

    • An informal community cultural center
    • Transparency among spaces so patrons can be seen and more easily served
    • Reading spaces interspersed within the various collections
    • Larger and more varied spaces for children and teens
    • Community, meeting, and activity rooms of varied sizes
    • Daylight in all areas of the building
    • Connections to outdoor space
    • Spaces devoted to computer and Internet instruction and online research
    • Automated systems, and increased staff efficiency
    • Flexibility to accommodate future requirements
    • The library as a community model for sustainable practice


    Emerging trends in library building design dramatically affect how the library performs—and vice versa. Today’s patrons and staff use the library differently:
    • Increased number of digital materials reduces space devoted to book collections
    • Automated self-checkout reduces or eliminates the circulation desk
    • Digital card catalog OPAC stations are scattered throughout the library rather than centralized
    • Wireless Internet access throughout the library lets patrons bring their own devices, decreasing the need for banks of stationary computers
    • Automated materials handling systems in larger libraries free up staff and shorten wait times
    • Staff are more accessible to patrons and less separated from them
    • More extensive programming for children and teens is offered
    • Cafés induce informal socializing and an enhanced sense of community
    • Community room, meeting rooms, and even art galleries have a wider agenda

    U.S. Navy Launches NeRD, a Security Enhanced E-Reader

    U.S. Navy Launches NeRD, a Security Enhanced E-Reader

    The U.S. Navy General Library Program (NGLP) last month announced the release of its new Navy e-Reader Device (NeRD), which comes preloaded with 300 titles including popular fiction, recent bestsellers, and content from the Chief of Naval Operations Professional Reading Program. The new e-ink readers were designed by preloaded digital content provider Findaway World (perhaps best known in the library world for its Playaway) and are the first devices to feature Findaway’s new “Lock” ereader security solution.

    Transmedia and Education: How Transmedia Is Changing the Way We Learn

    Transmedia and Education: How Transmedia Is Changing the Way We Learn
    by Carolyn Sun

    Transmedia, a broad descriptive word that literally translated means “across media” and encompasses many strategies that transverse industries, is generally regarded as the use of multiple media platforms to tell a story or story experience. Though the word “transmedia” is thought to have entertainment franchise origins, its adaptation for education purposes is both valuable and becoming more and more common. While teachers like Sansing are using coding and programming in their language arts instruction, others are taking advantage of increasingly sophisticated apps and interactive media for classroom use.

    Monday, June 16, 2014

    10 Awesome Presentations from Computers in Libraries 2014

    10 Awesome Presentations from Computers in Libraries 2014 
    by Ellyssa Kroski

    Information Today’s excellent Computers in Libraries conference took place in Washington DC and featured top-notch presentations by librarian on the cutting-edge of technology.

    • Rock Your Library’s Content With WordPress
    • Re-Imagining the Library Website Experience
    • Tools & Idea Blitz: Steal for Your Website!
    • Makerspace Info Blitz!
    • Delivering Library Services With (And For) Google Glass
    • Dealing With Data: From Research to Visualization
    • Robots in the Library: Automated Storage & Retrieval Systems
    • Tools & Tips Info Blitz
    • Students, iPads, and Research: A Perfect Combination
    • Appily Ever After: Apps and Embedding Tools in 21st-Century Libraries

    Creating customers for life: 50 resources on loyalty, churn and customer retention

    Creating customers for life: 50 resources on loyalty, churn and customer retention

    Earning customer loyalty is an uphill battle, but it is always worth the effort. The Harvard Business School report showcased how, on average, increasing customer retention rates by 5 percent increases profits by 25 percent to 95 percent.

    • The Art of Customer Loyalty
    • The Marketer’s Guide to Customer Loyalty
    • The Buffer “Happiness” Reports
    • Customer Service Isn’t a Department
    • How to Measure and Increase Customer Loyalty
    • The Value of a “Frugal Wow”
    • How to Measure Customer Satisfaction
    • Everyone in SaaS Needs to Do Customer Support
    • A Brief Guide to a Better Email
    • Creating Customer Loyalty Programs that Stick
    • The Complete Guide to Using Social Media for Customer Service
    • When Customer Delight is Complete Bullsh*t
    • Don’t Lie, You Don’t Care
    • Technically Correct, the Worst Kind of Correct
    • The Data that Drives Customer Support for Over 600,000 Product Use Cases
    • The Shocking Truth About Brand Loyalty
    • Earn Customer Loyalty Without Losing Your Shirt
    • Teaching the Support Team How to Fish
    • Why Your Customer Experience Strategy May Fail
    • The Oldest, Best Measure of Customer Happiness
    • Saas Churn and Retention Resource Guide

    Your guide to mobile social media: Phone and tablet Strategies for Twitter, Facebook and more

    Your guide to mobile social media: Phone and tablet Strategies for Twitter, Facebook and more

    Mobile devices are fast becoming the preferred method of reading, sharing, and engaging with online content. It’s strange to think that the content we create on desktops and laptops will end up on dozens of different screen sizes before all is said and done. It’s a good lesson to keep in mind.

    Thursday, June 12, 2014

    Library of Congress Plans Improvements to Cataloger’s Desktop

    Library of Congress Plans Improvements to Cataloger’s Desktop

    The Library of Congress will introduce enhancements to its Cataloger’s Desktop service that will be available in September 2014. The enhancements will help catalogers find and use Desktop resources more easily, through a simpler user interface, expanded search and navigation, and improved help and training.

    Cataloger’s Desktop enables catalogers and metadata specialists to be more productive by bringing together the most useful and varied array of catalogs, cataloging rules, markup standards and manuals into a single search environment. Desktop is a cost-effective tool that helps catalogers maintain a high level of quality service to their libraries.

    Surviving Cataloging Class

    Surviving Cataloging Class
    by Tracy Wasserman.

    Many LIS students dread cataloging/classification class, a required course in some library schools. cataloging/classification is an integral part of the value of librarians to society, as there is more information to organize than ever before.Librarians should all understand how to catalog and classify information, and be comfortable with this skill.  And understanding the value of cataloging goes a long way to staying motivated in cataloging class. 
      Here are resources to help:

    • Use online cataloging tools
    • Follow AutoCat and other cataloging listservs
    • Practice / Save your work 
    • Embrace the humor

    Vatican library moves into the 21st century

    Vatican library moves into the 21st century
    by  |

    The Vatican library has begun mass digitising 82,000 historic manuscripts to make them available online.
    As part of the project, EMC has offered 2.8 petabytes of storage — enough to store about 40 million pages of digitlised manuscripts — to help the Vatican library digitise its collection, which includes documents like the 42 line Latin Bible of Gutenberg, the first book printed with movable type dating between 1451 and 1455.

    The Practical Librarian’s Guide to Collection Development

    The Practical Librarian’s Guide to Collection Development
       by Abby Preschel Kalan

    After years of practicing adult collection development skills in a medium-sized suburban public library, Abby have discovered that specific “shortcut” rules have become second nature to me. He present here an annotated rundown of my shortcuts that can help anyone create and maintain viable and successful collections for customers older than 10.

    Awesome Resources to Populate Library Social Media

    Awesome Resources to Populate Library Social Media by Stephen Abram

    54 Library Stories You May Have Missed in May 2014

    54 Library Stories You May Have Missed in May 2014 by Ellyssa Kroski 

    This past month’s offerings include stories on Twitter applications, the Vatican library digital collection, eBooks, and more.  Be sure to scan these 54 library stories to get caught up on your LIS reading!

    • 8 Tips for Libraries to Incorporate Tech into their Summer Reading Programs
    • Responding to the second wave of the Digital Divide
    • Library social media resources
    • 5 Ways Libraries Can Use Vine for Marketing
    • NYPL abandons controversial renovation plan
    • 35 Library Stories You May Have Missed in April
    • 10 Finance Hacks for College Students
    • Librarians reimagine book clubs with the Help of Technology
    • 7 Astonishing Objects Made with 3D Printers
    • 5 Great Sites for 30,000+ Free 3D Printing Models
    • The practical librarian’s guide to collection development
    • What you need to know to take a librarian job abroad
    • Vatican Library moves into the 21st century
    • Surviving cataloging class
    • How to create a gorgeous planter from an old hardcover book
    • Secret libraries of New York City
    • Ebooks and early reading skills
    • How to identify Book Club editions
    • Why reading aloud to students is valuable
    • Metadata games
    • Eight ways to jump into ebooks
    • Why aren’t teens reading like they used to?
    • 10 best free historical newspaper sites
    • Minecraft programming for tweens
    • University of Michigan’s napping stations
    • Libraries find success in crowdfunding
    • Farmington librarian rediscovers letters from students in 1967
    • Brewster Kahle, the librarian of 404 billion websites
    • How to cull your e-bookshelf
    • Tales of a jailhouse librarian
    • Best practices for adult financial literacy services
    • LC plans improvements to Cataloger’s Desktop
    • Connecting Latinos with libraries
    • The lost desert libraries of Chinguetti
    • Hoopla digital and Boopsie in partnership
    • Four ways to display and curate Twitter
    • Book club resources for Poirot fans
    • Developing an online-first mentality
    • The first children’s picture book
    • Libraries Now: A Day in the Life (video)
    • MOOCs: Pros and cons
    • Future-proofing the research library
    • Free tech learning resources
    • Let’s stop the ebook judging
    • Making books social
    • You’re a book nerd if . . .
    • Evidence-based decision-making in academic libraries
    • Five reasons we still need school libraries
    • Duke’s most popular digital item
    • Can non-librarians easily acquire librarian expertise?
    • Pinterest boards for academic libraries to follow
    • Top Twitter hashtags for librarians
    • How to run a gay-straight alliance in your library
    • Library analyst helped to launch NASA

    Wednesday, April 16, 2014

    Five open source tools libraries need to know about

    libraries need to take a closer look at open source software. By removing the "owner" (aka the vendor) from the equation we get a lot more freedom to make software that does what we want, how we want, when we want. One of the hardest thing to teach libraries who are switching to an open source solution is that the power is now in their hands to direct the software!


    SubjectsPlus is an open source subject guide tool. For the non-library types reading this: a subject guide is a common resource in libraries to point people to relevant resources on a specific subject. When I first started in libraries, what we were working with was a series of hard-coded pages full of links. Now we have tools like SubjectsPlus to do the heavy lifting for us. SubjectsPlus makes it easy to add staff (or guide managers) and resources (print, databases, links, and more) so that you can publish a handy subject guide for your patrons. For example check out the Oakland University Library's Course Guide for CSE 561.


    Libki is a public kiosk management system designed for libraries by those working in the library! It allows for you to manage your public computers in the library (or any public setting) with minimal set up.
    I remember when my first library chose a kiosk management system—it was torture to set up and maintain. That's when I went out looking for an alternative and found Libki. Using Libki, a library can manage how much time users can have on public machines, issue visitor IDs with different rules than those of regular card holders, reserve machines for patrons, and generally manage the kiosk so that everyone gets their fair share of time. You can see Libki in action in this introductory video.


    BibApp is a research social network. It is a neat tool for academic libraries to use to connect researches on campus with experts in a field to assist them in their research. Researchers create profiles and add their works to their profile. This makes it easy for them promote their work, and it shows the rest of your campus community what the researcher is working on. For libraries, BibApp makes it easy to find out what research is being done on campus. See BibAppin action at the University of Illinois.

    Guide on the Side

    Guide on the Side is such an awesome tool, and it says right on the website: Know how to use Word? You already know how to use Guide on the Side! This handy little tool sits on the side of your website or library catalog to walk patrons through how to use the system. See the tool in action at the University of Arizona.
    Basically, you write up your tutorial in the Guide on the Side interface and then tell it what URL to display on the right of the screen. Your tutorial can even include a quiz to be sure people are following along and understand your instructions. This tool could have many uses inside the library.


    OpenRoom allows you to manage reservations for a library's public spaces. One question I get over and over in training sessions is for an open source room-booking application. There are actually several out there, but OpenRoom is designed by and for libraries. The simple interface allows easy customization of the theme, creation of reservations through a webform, and quick setup of rooms and/or groups of rooms. Take OpenRoom for a test drive.

    by Nicole C. Engard

    Tuesday, April 15, 2014

    Libraries go high-tech

    Libraries go Celia Britton

    The idea of humans being served by robots is no longer confined to the realms of Science Fiction. University of Technology, Sydney (UTS) staff and students will soon start accessing books from a new library retrieval system (LRS), a state-of-the-art underground facility that uses robotic cranes to retrieve books.

    The 13,000m³ facility, which is part of a much bigger building program underway at the university’s Broadway and Haymarket campuses, includes six robots and seemingly endless rows of metal shelves that will eventually hold almost 12,000 metal bins filled with books.
    Increased study space, financial and energy savings and better control over the library’s collection are just some of the benefits for UTS, which has a book collection that grows, on average, by 25,000 books every year.

    “It was a case of building this facility or building a library four times the size of the one we currently have, in order to accommodate the growing number of books,” says UTS University Librarian Mal Booth.

    Wife of the Vice President,Mrs. Matilda Amissah Arthur, Urges Librarians To Keep Up With New Trends in ICT

    The Wife of the Vice President,Mrs. Matilda Amissah Arthur has charged librarians in the country to add value to themselves by embracing the task of keeping up with new trends in the information sourcing industry and the changing face of library services in the country.

    She was speaking at the opening ceremony of a Collaborative International Workshop organised by the Nigerian Liberian Association (IT Section) in conjunction with the Ghana Library Association(GLA) under the theme “ Librarianship and the demands for new Leadership Skills,’’ at the forecourt of the Balme library at the University of Ghana Legon in Accra.

    Mrs. Amissah Arthur,a librarian for over 30 years and the first female President of the Ghana Librarian Association noted that to build a Strong Librarian Association, the negative stereotyped notion about libraries and librarians has to be changed to embrace new technological ways of sourcing information and rendering library services.

    Mrs. Amissah Arthur said over-time library services have become more dynamic with technological advancement worldwide so the need to upgrade ways and systems that support sourcing of information.

    Monday, April 7, 2014





    The word ‘library’ is rich in tradition, meaning, and usage. The definitions of ‘school library’ given by various library scientists and associations reflect this heritage. Throughout the world the school library is considered as part and parcel of the academic set-up. It is created and maintained to serve and support the educational activities of the school.

    A school library is an organized collection of study and teaching materials aimed at pupils, teachers and other staff alike. It also includes access to local, regional, national and international information databases. The facilities, materials, equipment and staff of the school library as well as its operation are organized in such a way that they support learning within the pedagogic goals of the school.

    The school Library provides information, inculcates ideas, and develops knowledge that is so essential to functioning successfully in today’s information and knowledge based society. It is fundamental to school library to equip students with lifelong learning skills and develop in them creative thinking and imagination, and enabling them to live as ideal and responsible citizens.

    Thus, the school library must be made the hub of all the activities planned and executed in school. It can be used by students to prepare for their next class period, home examination, general education, information, competitions, recreation and inspiration.

    Although the school library has been recognized as an essential component of a good school, yet many schools in our country lack library facilities. From the prevailing picture of school library situation in our country, it can be seen that much remains to be done in providing our schools with well-organized libraries, particularly so in far flung rural areas. Currently, the situation is such that a few books locked in a classroom are given the status of a library. Millions of our school children are being deprived of the full complement of library resources and services, which they need and are entitled to. Even in schools where library facilities exist, the picture is not very bright.

    The provision of School Library service must be open to the whole school community regardless of gender, race, and economic and social status, religious faith, nationality, language, and physical disabilities.


    The major objectives of a school library are to:
    Effectively participate in the teaching-learning programme of the school;
    Provide the students with appropriate library materials both printed as well as audio visual and services
            for the overall growth and development of the personality of the students as an individual;
    Develop reading ability and interest, and inculcate love, enjoyment and pleasure of reading amongst the        students;
    Offer opportunities for experiences in creating and using information for knowledge, understanding,               information and enjoyment;
    Support all students in learning and practicing skills for evaluating and using information, regardless of             form, format or medium, including sensitivity to the modes of communication within the community;
    Stimulate and guide each student in the selection and use of books and other reading materials;
    Workout a programme in consultation with teachers for the effective use of all types of library materials;
    Advance literacy and academic performance by engaging children in reading and reading-related                  activities.
    Foster a love of reading through school library programs and services.
    Involve stake-holders: council authority, school authority, teachers, pupils, parents and all family                     members in the library reading experience.
    Improve children’s access to library materials and activities, which will encourage them to become                 lifelong library users.

    The School Library Policy 

    Each school needs a mission statement and policy that outlines the goals, priorities, plans and procedures for the provision of library-based learning resources according to educators’ and learners’ curriculum-based needs. The school’s library policy should be written against the background of the school’s development plan and policy development process.

    Any changes in policy development for the school would also mean a review and change of the school’s library policy. It is therefore important that the school/teacher librarian is aware of current developments and plays a proactive role in school development plans.

    The School Library Policy therefore:

    Forms the basis for planning and decision-making in the library.
    Should be referred to whenever changes regarding planning and decision-making are to be made.
    Should be reviewed annually in order to keep pace with educational changes, e.g. the implementation of educational development goals, and also to keep pace with the increased use of information and communication technology (ICT).
    lays down guidelines for providing a library that functions as the information centre of the school and which is able to obtain information from outside sources when necessary, e.g. through borrowing from other libraries and also through using technologies such as the Internet.
    gives recognition to the important function of the school librarian/teacher librarian or library coordinator working with learners, educators, administrators and parents to carry out the mission of the school.

    The main functions of the library must be focused on and incorporated into library policy development. When drawing up the school’s library policy, the following points should be considered:
    the vision and mission statement of the school or institution
    the purpose of the library
    the patrons of the library
    the roles and responsibilities of those concerned, e.g. the school librarian
    the goals or desired outcomes of the library
    criteria for monitoring the performance of the library, i.e. reviewing
    the collection and its usage
    priorities for the current year
    accessibility, e.g. library hours

    The school’s library policy may also include procedures and criteria for the selection of new items and general collection management or may have a separate policy for collection management.


    It will be advantageous if the school creates a school library committee.
    Creates a forum for educators, learners and the school management to have a say in school library matters.
    Formally acknowledges the right of existence of the school library and determines its status.
    Provides leadership for the school library.
    Accepts responsibility for the school library.
    Will help the school library staff to plan for the effective use of all its resources.
    Promotes the effective functioning of the school library.
    Will be accountable to the rest of the school community.
    Promotes continued existence of the school library even though some of its members may leave the              school.

    The school library committee could be saddled with the following terms of reference:
    To develop a general programme of library service to suit the interest and requirements of different                 teaching departments of the school;
    To formulate policy in relation to the development of resources for reading, reference and projects;
    To make recommendations for proper functioning of school library;
    To recommend suitable budgetary provisions for the library and resource centre;
    To frame, review and approve library rules;

    Composition of the school library committee
    Ideally, the principal/headmaster initiates the school library committee. The principal/vice principal, headmaster/assistant headmaster acts as chairperson of the committee. The school librarian/teacher librarian or library coordinator acts as the secretary.

    Other members may include:
    HOD’s, subject heads, learning area heads or their representatives
    representatives of interest groups, clubs, societies
    representative from the Representative Council
    library prefects or monitors
    representative from the Parents Teacher Association

    Duties of the school library committee
    These duties include:
    developing the library mission
    policy auditing and rating the library
    deciding on staffing
    planning the library accommodation
    acquiring library equipment
    acquiring library-based learning resources
    planning the budget
    negotiating the library rules for learners and educators
    negotiating the library schedule, e.g. times of use
    ensuring the organization and management of library-based learning resources
    monitoring the care and use of the learning resources
    reporting the successes, activities and needs of the library to the school community
    continuously evaluating and developing the use of library-based learning resources.
    The committee should meet at least once a term to plan, to solve problems and to evaluate the entire library programme.


    An official place for library-based learning resources is needed so that these resources can be made accessible to students, teachers and educators. An officially designated standard library room with space to prepare and store resources or a renovated classroom

    A School Library could be:
    an officially designated standard library room with space to prepare and store resources
    a renovated classroom
    two adjacent classrooms renovated and joined for this purpose
    a combination of a traditional library and computer room
    a mobile library bus serving several neighbouring schools.


    When selecting the location of the school library, also consider:
    library security, i.e. burglar bars, a separate lockable facility (keys should be kept by the principal and the school/teacher librarian or library co-coordinator only)
    a central position in the school, i.e. easily accessible by all, including physically challenged people
    protection from natural elements such as water, fire, sunlight and high humidity (which promotes mould)
    good ventilation, enough natural light and/or reading light
    adequate space to accommodate the largest class group
    distance from noisy areas, e.g. cafeteria, music room, play ground
    integration with, or close proximity to, the computer room.

    The location of the school library is of as much concern as is its size and shape. It should best be located in an area of maximum accessibility to the students and teachers. The premises chosen to accommodate the library should meet the following requirements:
    should be in a quite area free from excessive noise, disturbances and pollution.
    should be away from canteen, common room, play ground and parking area
    should have good ventilation and ample day light.
    should have sufficient floor area in the Reading Room to enable the students to use it comfortably either in groups or individually.
    should have sufficient work space for the staff to receive books on approval and undertake accessioning, classification, cataloguing, minor repair, issue and return, and reference service activities.
    should have separate enclosure to be used as Committee/Conference Room by teachers and pupils for participating in joint or group discussions.
    should have sufficient stack area so as to organize the books in open shelves.
    should have a counter/enclosure for keeping personal belongings.


    When designing the layout of the school library, consider;
    flexibility of use that will allow a multiplicity of activities
    easy supervision from a central point from which every area in the library is visible
    efficient flow of traffic
    strategically placed observation windows between user areas and other support service areas, e.g. an adjacent computer centre
    sufficient electrical power points for present and future needs, e.g. photocopier, computer, etc.
    sufficient notice boards and a display area to be used to display notices, project work, etc.
    a special space for each different type of resource material, e.g. for periodicals, newspapers. (N.B. Different media types and book sizes will need specially adapted shelving space, e.g. wider shelves for picture books)
    a space for the use of ICT in the library, i.e. computers, CD Roms, Internet, etc.
    a teaching corner with a white board, interactive board, TV and video, etc. Avoid using a chalk board as the dust created in this way is bad for books, computers, etc.

    Aesthetic Appeal

    The school library needs to be attractive to all its users.
    Choose a colour scheme.
    Paint walls an attractive colour.
    For carpeting use good quality non-toxic, non-static commercial grade carpets.
    Window blinds or tasteful curtains are necessary if direct sunlight may damage resource materials.
    Shelves may be painted or varnished.
    Decorate with plants, mounted pictures, etc



    The school library should be suitably equipped if it is to fulfill its function. Suitable library stationery and furniture as well as office equipment should be purchased.

    Library Furniture
    - made of strong wood or metal
      - suited to the height of the learners
    - preferably with upright dividing sides and adjustable shelves
    issue desk and chair for the school/teacher librarian (metal or wooden)
    tables for  students/pupils-users
      - wooden or metal, rectangular or trapezium-shaped
    chairs for learners
      - sturdy plastic chairs or stools which can be cleaned easily
    filing cabinet
    magazine display rack
    newspaper display rack
    notice boards or pin boards
    catalogue cabinet (wooden or metal)
    book ends
    book trolley

    Office Equipment
    rubber stamp with the school library’s name
     date stamp
     ink pad
     ruler, scissors, stapler, punch, pencil sharpener etc
     computer,printer
     photocopier
     wastepaper basket

    Library Stationery
    accession register OR hard-cover counter book (no loose pages),
    book pockets and cards, date sheets
    catalogue cards
    ballpoint pens, coloured marker pens, pencils
    drawing pins, staples, paper clips
    glue stick, wood glue (used for some book repairs), and glue brushes
    Scotch 3M magic tape (wide, to cover spine labels or for minor book repairs)
    paper and envelopes
    plastic library-book cover (a roll or ready cut into different sizes)


    Library-Based Learning Resources

    The library collection should reflect the purpose for which it was established and is maintained. In developing the school library collection, strive to:
    match resources to curricular and learners’ needs.
    acquire a good collection of on-site materials, i.e. core resources.

    Resources must therefore
    be appropriate for the Learning Areas and ability levels of the students
    meet high standards of quality in factual content and presentation
    have aesthetic and literary value
    reveal sound ethical and social values and
    be consistent with national educational needs.

    School library resources/materials/collections may include:
    fiction and non-fiction books
    reference works, e.g. encyclopaedias, dictionaries and atlases
    audio cassettes
    video cassettes
    periodicals (magazines)
    article cuttings, pamphlets, etc. (kept in files)
    CD ROMs
    selections of stories, tales, short stories and poetry suitable for different age groups
    slides, compact disc video, micro films
    video tapes
    dvd recordings
    compact discs , tape cassettes and audio book
    Internet and TV-channels
    audio and visual and multimedia material
    other items.

    New York State Library. (2013). School Library Partner Manual

    Improving literacy through school libraries by U.S National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. 2008

    Klinger, Donald (2006). School libraries and Students Achievement in Ontario (Canada)

    Skyes, Judith Anne. (2005). Brian-Friendly School Libraries

    Lance, Keith Curry, Marica J. Rodney and Christine Hamilton-Pennel (2005). Powerful Libraries make Powerful Learners: The Illinois Study
    Howars, Marilyn. (2004).Idaho  School Librarian’s Information Manual

    Damon, Rose. (2001).Beginners’ Guide to School Library Organization